Taming the ocean- China’s attempts to regulate the sea

economist.comChina’s government recently asserted its dominance in the South East Asia by creating an ADIZ for fish. Starting on January 1st, all vessels planning  to fish in the Chinese territorial waters off of Hainan will require approval by Chinese authorities. This move is seen highly provocative considering that Beijing has competing territorial claims with several of its neighbors in the area. This recent endeavor is similar to the creation of an Air Defense Identification Zone back in November by Beijing. This ADIZ extends over parts of the East China, including the Senkaku/Diaoyu islands disputed by Beijing and Tokyo. This most recent ADIZ for fish is seen as “unilaterally threatening the existing international order” and “potentially dangerous” by the United States and the international community. China claims to “to be strengthening the regulation of fishing for an island province with a large fishing industry”, rather than bolstering China’s claims to sovereignty. Beijing alleges that the identification zone is intended to protect fish stocks and minimum length requirements, however the vagueness over its claim has generated a sea of foreign criticism.  “An unexplained ‘nine-dash line’ is used by China  to assert its sovereignty over virtually the entire sea—or perhaps just over the bits of land scattered across the sea and their adjacent waters”. Most of the disputed territory is considered international waters by the world community. China, however, continues to assert its sovereign claims against that of its neighbors. For example, last year Vietnam detected 516 incursions by Chinese fishing vessels in its waters. The high levels of mutual suspicion and crosscutting claims has created a powder keg in the South China sea, continuing to upset the fragile status quo of the region.


source: http://www.economist.com/news/asia/21594355-china-creates-adiz-fish-hai-handed